Hi Im Tricia an organic gardener worm castings or worm manure has five to eleven times more nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium than regular soil and worm compost has more micro nutrients than regular aerobic compost.
Today we're going to start a worm bin to unleash the power of worms, to get started you're gonna need a bin and that can be a plastic bin or wooden box or a specially-designed worm bin like this "Can O Worms". Worms eat food scraps so the size of your bin is gonna depend on how much food scraps you can generate within a week. After one week of collecting then go ahead and weigh them, you want one square foot of surface area per pound of food scraps the depth of the bin should be about eight to twelve inches whatever kind of bin you use make sure that there's holes in it because the worms need oxygen if you're making your own worm bin make sure it's not sitting on the ground it needs to be moved up away from the ground so that you can put a collection tray underneath. Im using this Can O Worms bin which has its own built in collection tray, shredded newspaper, cardboard or coconut coir are a couple of great bedding options. You want to moisten your bedding you want it to be wet like a damp sponge were going to start building our first working tray so the first thing Im going to do is put down some newspaper and that way the bedding material won't fall through the little holes. So now you just want to start adding your bedding material about two-thirds of the way up to the top of the tray make sure that it's nice and fluffy and then you can add a little bit of builder sand or coffee grounds or something to give it a little bit of grit to help the worms digest.
Put your worm bin in a sheltered shady area a garage works great worms can tolerate temperatures between forty and eighty degrees but they do their best work between fifty five and seventy five degrees. Now were ready to add the beautiful little creatures, the worms. Your garden soil variety earthworm isn't the type of worm you need for your bin. Worm composting is done by Brandling worms, European night crawlers and Red worms these red worms prefer an aged compost or manure type of environment. Regular earthworms from the garden wont survive in a worm bin to start a new worm bin get about a pound of composting worms thats about a thousand worms spread them on the bedding and they should burrow in quickly to get away from the light start feeding your worms slowly don't give them too much at once feed them about one to two times a week. To begin with if the food starts to stink before it is eaten back off on the feeding bury your food scraps an inch or so under the bedding changing location each time. Worms like all kinds of organic matter including tea bags and coffee but there are some things that you shouldn't feed your worms anything that has insecticides on it or fresh manure or meat or dairy and no spicy foods like garlic or onions a little bit of citrus is ok but not a lot. You wanna make sure that your worm bin stays moist and a good way to do that is put a moistened piece of burlap over your worms as your watering your worms to keep them nice and moist the water is going to penetrate through the worm castings and end up in a little collection tray here and after time goes by you'll be able to turn on this spigot on this Can O Worms bin and get a rich liquid fertilizer. Once the worms have consumed most of the bedding and the scraps you'll see it starts to look like a nice rich worm compost then it's time to create your next layer and this layer does not require any newspaper as a bottom layer it just requires some bedding material and some food scraps and what's gonna happen is your worms are going to find their way up through these little holes and begin the process all over again then you can harvest the first tray of compost. The art of raising worms is called vermiculture, hi babies how are you doing? So adopt some worms and grow organic for life!