Hi I'm Tricia an organic gardener grapes are a beautiful edible landscape plant as well as producing delicious fruit.
Today I'm going to plant a new grapevine if you're not ready to plant your grapes as soon as they arrive that's ok you can heel them in, you can either dig a shallow trench put the grape vines in and cover the roots with soil or you can do like i've done put the roots in a bucket cover them with soil and protect them with a little bit of straw. Grapes are tolerant of a wide variety of soils but it is important to check with your master gardener or local ag extension to find out what varieties will do best in your climate.
Your site selection should be in full sun with a southern exposure away from trees and avoid depressions where cool air can collect. Ideally preparation for planting your grapes will start the year before with a soil test and an appropriate cover crop.
Grapes like moderate fertility and a pH about five point five to seven. In most climates you can plant grapes in late winter or early spring for northern climates you might want to wait until a little bit later in the spring. Just dig a hole the same size as the roots and don't add any fertilizer you don't want to get more leaves then fruit. Soak the roots of your grapevine for about two to three hours before planting and then you can prune off any damaged roots but it's important to leave as much of the root system as possible. Make sure that the roots are loose and not clumped together the hole should be deep enough to plant the vine to the same level it was planted before. With a few inches of soil over the longest roots gently back fill the soil with the topsoil first and if it hasn't rained recently make sure and give your plant some water.
You want to train your newly planted little grapevine to grow into a big grapevine with a straight single trunk reaching the trellis. In order to do that were going to prune this plant so that it has one straight-ish cane by the second year you need some kind of a support system. This two wire support system is very common and easy to build to train your grapevine. To grow straight up to the trellising you may need to do a temporary support like bamboo and then just tie it together with a little twine or some tape. These are flame grapes so i'll be training them to a bilateral cordon that is I want a nice straight trunk and then i'll choose two buds that will be trained into big permanent branches on either side of the truck. It's really important to tag your plants I use these permanent zinc plant tags its really important to know what variety you have so that you can prune appropriately. Whether you have a big vineyard or you've just planted a few grape vines grapes will benefit from cover cropping so get ready for winter pruning and grow organic for life!