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Summer Pruning and Thinning

June 16, 2011 - GrowOrganic
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TREE & FRUIT HEALTH ARE AFFECTED BY TREE SIZE Summer pruning fruit trees controls undesirable growth on a tree by removing energy-wasting water sprouts. Summer is also a good time to remove leafy upper branches that excessively shade fruit on lower branches. After the lower branches are exposed, protect them from sunburn by painting them with a 50/50 mixture of water and white latex interior paint. Winter pruning is meant to stimulate the tree. Summer pruning uses thinning cuts (where the branch…
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Ever have the feeling your fruit trees were going in cycles? Well, it might not be your imagination. Some species of fruit trees can fall into what is called “alternate bearing”, meaning one year you get a massive crop and the next year your tree sets hardly anything. Alternate bearing has been observed in apples, pears, plums, apricots, cranberries, blueberries, pecans, citrus, and avocado. There are some species and some varieties that are more susceptible to this pattern than others.…
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Video Transcript
Hi I'm Tricia a California organic gardener. It's early summer and my fruit trees are beginning to have little baby fruit and their lush and green so it's time to do some summer pruning and thinning.

The main purpose for summer pruning is to control the size and shape of your fruit tree you also will allow light to go into the canopy which will increase the flavor of the fruit and the quality as well as help for next year's flower development. Depending on the fruit tree variety you can prune up to three times in the non-dormant season watch for terminal or end buds to know when it's time to prune. Once about seventy-five percent of your trees terminal buds have stopped growing it's time to prune, this bud has not stopped growing but this one has. For mature apple and pear trees you can prune earlier to keep the tree small and to decrease this green vigorous growth. See all these upright shoots and water sprouts best time to prune them is in the summer When you cut these off in the summer you're helping the tree to redirect it's energy to the fruit. For summer pruning we want to use mainly thinning cuts rather than heading cuts we want to prune right up to the collar. Mature trees like this Braeburn apple really benefit from summer pruning. You also want to prune your cherries and apricots after harvesting in the summer. Look for dead or diseased wood it's really easy to spot when the tree is all green and leafed out. After a tough winter you will have some dead wood summer pruning will help reduce the amount of pruning that you need to do in the dormant season. Thinning your fruit off you fruit tree can be a little bit scary because you don't really want to cut off any of the fruit but in the long run it's better for the tree. Thinning your fruit can be done at the same time as summer pruning for many species like this apple tree.

Thinning raises fruit size and quality, it reduces disease and reduces some of the trees tendencies for alternate bearing that means that one year you get a lot of fruit next year you get hardly any. Pome fruits like apples and pears grow in clusters and benefit from cluster thinning do this thinning after the june drop when unpollinated it or undersized fruit drops naturally. Start to thin the fruit when it's about an inch in diameter. Pick the largest out of a cluster and pinch off the rest takeoff any diseased fruit or ones with insect damage for fruit not born in clusters thin to about three inches apart. Enjoy yourself this summer in the orchard pruning and thinning your fruit trees and i promise you'll enjoy it even more at harvest time so thanks for joining and grow organic for life.

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Categories: Nut Trees, Fruit Trees, Apple Trees, Pomegranate Trees, Pluot Trees, Plum Trees, Persimmon Trees, Pear Trees, Peach Trees, Olive Trees, Nectarine Trees, Multi-Graft Trees, Mulberry Trees, Jujube Trees, Fig Trees, Citrus Trees, Cherry Trees, Apricot Trees, Quince Trees, Pruning & Cutting Tools, Pruning Saw, Loppers, Pruners, Fruits & Berries, Harvesting Equipment, Edible Landscaping


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