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Pruning Grape Vines

February 24, 2012 - GrowOrganic
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Bring your garden to life by growing grapes! Whether you choose table grapes or wine grapes, beautify your garden with picturesque grape vines, and enjoy a luscious crop. BEST SOIL FOR GRAPES A traditional organic gardening technique for improving soil is to plant cover crops. Although grapes do not want ultra-rich soil, they will perform better in soil that has had cover crops grown and turned in before the grapes are planted. Cover crops to prepare soil for planting grapes Use one of our legume…
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Introduction Excellent used as an ornamental, for summer shade, arbors or leafy walls. There are 2 basic classes of table grapes. European varieties have tight skins, wine like flavors, high heat requirements for ripening, and are the most common grapes grown in California. Use fresh, dried, and for juices or wine. Susceptible to powdery mildew, they require regular dusting or spraying with sulfur or other mildew control. American varieties have Concord-like flavor, moderate heat requirements, are…
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Grapes Planting & Growing Guide (pdf)
Video Transcript
Hi I'm Tricia an organic gardener. If you want bunches of grapes on your grape vine this summer you need to do your winter pruning ill show you how.

There are two types of pruning: cane and spur pruning and both of them should be done late in the season between January and March. We're gonna start with cane pruning because all table grapes will be productive with that method. For cane pruning I'm going to choose one to two canes from last year's growth on each side of the vine and I'm going to cut the rest. You can tell the age of the cane by its bark one-year-old canes have smooth bark older canes have shaggy bark.

When choosing which canes to keep your going to choose a cane that's coming off very close to the trunk as compared to one that's coming off of a branch like this. The canes that you keep should have about fifteen buds along the length of the cane and it they should be close to the top of the vine. Don't choose canes that are too thin or too thick choose them when they're about pencil size. I'm going to tag the canes that I'm going to keep with this ribbon and I'm going to cut the rest and wanna make sure and not cut a good cane these are the two fruiting canes that I'm going to keep. For every fruiting cane that i keep I'm going to cut another cane into a renewal spur. A renewal spur is a cane cut to two buds and these buds are what's going to create next year's fruiting canes. If your cut starts to bleed don't worry that's normal it won't hurt the vine. After seeing how this vine is shaping up I don't think I need this cane after all. So your going to cut your fruiting cane back to about fifteen buds and if you have any lateral branches coming off this cane thats the time you'd cut them.

For grape vines growing on arbors first thing your going to do is cut off any suckers that are coming off the main vine or cordon then you just want to cane prune. You want to keep one cane and one renewal spur for every one to two feet of cordon. This grape vine has been neglected and hasn't been pruned in a couple of years. So before I actually start the spur pruning I'm going to clean it up. Typically spur pruned varieties are trained to a bilateral cordon which are these thick branches on either side of the truck. These cordons can be pruned to length but they're never turned pruned all the way off back to the trunk. Mine are maintained at about three and a half feet. A spur is last year's growth cut back to two buds. Ideally you're gonna want sevens spurs on each cordon and on this cordon i'll probably get close on the other cordons i'll have to wait till next year because this vine was neglected. The canes that make the best spurs are the ones that are growing upward close to the cordon. Prune all the canes to spurs and then select the best seven for each cordon ideally the spurs should be spaced about six inches apart don't worry if they're not just strive for some nice spacing between the seven spurs on each cordon. Even though this is a nice cane it's growing too far from the cordon so I'm going to snip it off. Tame your grapes and grow organic for life

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Categories: Grape Vines, Wine Grape Vine, Table Grape Vine, Pruning & Cutting Tools, Pruning Saw, Loppers, Pruners, Fruits & Berries


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