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Growing Jerusalem Artichokes

March 6, 2012 - GrowOrganic
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Want an easy to grow, unusual vegetable? Try Jerusalem artichokes. What is a Jerusalem artichoke? Jerusalem artichokes (Helianthus tuberosus) are really sunflowers with fat, edible roots. They’re also popularly known as Sun Chokes. Growing Jerusalem artichokes Plant our Jerusalem artichoke tubers in the spring and stand back! They are hardy to USDA zone 2 and grow best in the cooler two-thirds of the U.S. Watch the plants grow to 10 feet tall and 6 feet across, starred with yellow flowers.…
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Growing Guide
Jerusalem Artichoke Planting & Growing Guide (pdf)
Video Transcript
Hi I'm Tricia an organic gardener. Today I'm going to be planting a perennial sunflower that actually produces edible tubers these are called jerusalem artichokes or sun chokes and this is one of the few vegetables that was actually grown by the native americans.

After harvesting you can cook these tubers just about anyway you would cook a potato but you can also slice some up and eat them raw like a water chestnut. They are a favorite of diabetics as a potato substitute because they contain mostly inulin that breaks down into fructose. Jerusalem artichokes can grow anywhere from six to eight feet tall and their crowned with a multitude of beautiful little yellow sunflowers. Cut them into one to two ounce pieces and they don't need to be healed like you would do before planting potatoes you just want to plant them right away as soon as you cut them. I'm planting these tubers about three to five inches deep and I'm gonna space theme anywhere between twelve to twenty-four inches apart. Plant jerusalem artichokes as soon as the soil is workable in late winter or spring. Late planting will reduce yields. They prefer soil that is not waterlogged but basically any garden soil would be great. When your plant starts to grow just feed it with a little bit of balanced fertilizer keep it watered, keep it weeded. Harvest jerusalem artichokes in the fall after the first few frost's. You can harvest them as you need them but it is a good idea to harvest them all before next spring or they can become invasive. With jerusalem artichokes the possibilities are endless you can pickle them, you can make wine out of them, you can even make ethanol out of them. So experiment with this North American native and grow organic for life!

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Categories: Vegetable Crowns, Jerusalem Artichoke


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