The best fish for stocking your aquaculture pond

By on June 04, 2013

Tricia casting for her fish dinner at Pete's pond.

Use a pond to raise fish for food on your property—we’ll show you the simplest ways to stock your pond with fish you’d like to eat.

As the University of Arkansas Extension so penetratingly observes, “Fish ponds are like other agriculture, just wetter.”

In our new video Tricia visits Pete’s pond in Nevada County and talks about the basics of pond design, planting, and adding fish.

Fishy facts

Three species of fish do especially well in a one-acre (or larger) freshwater pond. Clemson University has a chart with details on how many of each species to add to a pond.

The beginner’s easy strategy for stocking a pond is to add both Largemouth Bass and Bluegill. The Bluegills serve as food for the bass, both the Bluegill and the bass serve as food for the humans who fish the pond.

For something completely different, try a catfish pond (or add catfish as the third species along with the bass and the Bluegill).

The trio are:

Bass  Largemouth Bass is a big fish that is easy to catch, and popular as a main course. The top predator in most ponds, the population of bass can be controlled by fishing.

Bluegill Young Bluegills are called bream, and are enjoyed by humans and bass alike.

Catfish If you crave catfish, try a pond with nothing but Channel Catfish as the big fish. Also used as the third fish with bass and Bluegill, but it may be hard to control the predation by those bass.

The University of Arkansas Extension has tips to tell you if your fish pond population is out of whack.

A fish attraction is an amusement park for fish

If your world were an acre of water, you’d want some diversion too. A fish attraction lurks under the water here. It’s something you add to the pond to make the environment more interesting for the fish—it typically includes places to hide. Place the fish attraction close to where you will be fishing, since you might as well cast into a school of fish, right?

Too much of a good thing

Ponds can get overrun with algae. As the algae decomposes it pulls oxygen from the water. Want to remedy that situation in your pond? We have OrganicPond PureBlue Pond Sunblock. When you add this to the pond, the fish won’t turn blue (and Pete’s white ducks did not turn blue, either).

When still waters run murky—because of too much silt or organic matter, try Organic Pond Muck Reducer to rapidly digest the muck.

You don’t have to be an ichthyologist to have a healthy, fish-filled pond—just stick to the basics on stocking your pond with fish.

  Comments (4)


I have two small ponds in Axtell, TX. What are the recommended fish in this area for pond?We caught a few small perch in it last year. We want to use it for fishing fun and relaxation for our children and grandchildren. Thanks, your insight on this matter would be greatly appreciated。

Posted by Elder Robinson on Nov. 30, 2013 at 1:21:40 PM

Elder, Be sure you don’t overstock your small ponds. An easy combination of fish would be Largemouth Bass and Bluegills, with a few large Grass Carp if you have many pond weeds (the carp would eat the weeds, the bass would eat the bluegills, you would eat the bass and the bluegills). The University of Arkansas Extension article on ponds has a great deal of useful information Happy fishing!

Posted by on Dec. 02, 2013 at 12:19:06 PM


I am in need of some channel catfish for my large pond in Grass Valley.  I wondering if you have someone could could recommend I purchase them from?


Posted by Lorene Accurso on Jun. 20, 2015 at 4:01:27 PM

You might try speaking with the local Ag advisor in Grass Valley. Not sure about a source of fish for your pond.

Posted by Suzanne at Peaceful Valley on Jun. 25, 2015 at 10:21:20 AM

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